Categories: Travel

Bidar Fort – A historical master piece

Bidar Fort located in the Bidar district in Karnataka, India. The Bidar Fort stands as an architectural and historical masterpiece on a 2200 feet high plateau.  It is one of the most famous tourist attractions in the state of Karnataka. 

Nobody knows the exact original date of origin of this Fort. But we know that the city rose to prominence during the rule of Bahmani dynasty. However, the city is claimed to be much older, rather ancient. It is said that Vidur, the uncle of Kauravas and Pandavas from epic Mahabharata lived here.

History of Bidar Fort:

Bidar derives its name from Bidiru meaning Bamboo. This place originally had a Bamboo forest. Previously it was known as Bedarkot.

As you explore the Bidar Fort complex you will feel that it still mirror history in its every piece.  There are so many stories related to that that need a listening ear.

Over the years the ownership of the Fort went from rulers to rulers. It saw many dynasties trying to make their make in history. Some of the prominent rulers of Bidar in early stage include. Chalukyas, Kadambas, Kalyan Chalukyas, Rashtrakutas, Katkatiyas, and Kalachuris. Later it was held by Yadavas of Devgiri, Sultans of Delhi, Bahmani Sultanate and Mughals.   

Bidar Fort timeline:

1321-22 – Taken over by Muhammad Bin Tudhlaq.

1347 – The fort came in control of  Alla Uddin Bahman Shah of Bahmanid dynasty an

1422-1486 – Capital of Bahamani Empire

1619-1620 – Taken over by Sultan of Bijapur

1657 – Taken over by Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb

1724 – included in the Asaf Jahi Kingdom of the Nizams.

This historic fort taken over and built by Sultan of Bahmani dynasty called Alla Uddin Bahman in the year 1427 when he shifted his capital to Bidar from Gulbarga. Bidar Fort complex in itself includes over 30 monuments in it.

The city of Bidar was established on a plateau on laterite hills on the banks of Manjira river. The fort is built in a quadrangular shape.  The fort is surrounded by long walls having the length of 4100 meters. Steep cliffs present on the northern and eastern sides mark natural protection to the moat. And from the other sides, the fort is protected by a triple moat.

Three miles long fortified walls surround the Bidar fort providing it strong protection. The protection of the fort is enhanced by its 37 bastions surrounded by cannons.

In the 15th century Sultan Ahmad Shah I rebuilt the old fort. Ahmad Shah Bhaman built the Bidar fort on the lines of the old fort with double line fortifications for defence, however, these walls do not exist as of today.

 He hired Turkish and Persian architects to the job and got many beautiful structures added, modified in the complex. This includes Garden, palaces, and mosques. 

This magnificent fort was desired by many other rulers of that time including the Mughals. The fort came in the handles of Mughals during the reign of Aurangzeb.

Main attractions of the fort complex include Sola Khamba Masjid, Takht Mahal, Jami Masjid, Rangin Mahal. Other notable features of this complex include Entry gates, Pleasure Pavilions, Hammam or Royal Baths, Audience halls and Kitchen.

This historic ort has 7 gates. Main Gate of the fort is called Mandu Darwaza, the second gate is named Kalmadgi Darwaza, the third and fourth gates do not have names, next gate is known as Delhi Darwaza and the last one is called Carnatic Darwaza. The complex also has a museum that houses various historical items such as Guns, Swords, Canons etc from Barid Shahi and Bahamani eras.   

Other remarkable feature of the fort is karez its water supply system, it uses the Persian water harnessing technique. The water was extracted from underground canals with use of 21 vertical shafts.

Read More At : Wander Bharat

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